A colorectal surgeon starts their training as a general surgeon and undergoes an undergraduate degree, medical school and a residency. The five-year initial residency is in general surgery. Next, the prospective colorectal surgeon in Los Angeles must complete one more year of specialized training in order to be qualified to treat a variety of conditions that affect the intestines and rectum.
Types of Colorectal Conditions
Anorectal conditions classify disorders and conditions that affect the anal canal or rectum. One example of an anorectal condition is hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus and the lowest portion of your rectum. As they stretch and become thinner, the veins bulge and cause irritation. A colorectal surgeon also treats fissures, which are tears in your lower rectum. Other anorectal conditions include abscesses and fistulas.
A colorectal surgeon in Los Angeles also helps patients who have ulcerative colitis, a condition that causes inflammation and ulcers in the rectum and colon. It causes a variety of symptoms including pain and bloody stools. It classifies as an inflammatory bowel disease just like Crohn’s disease. It differs from Crohn’s disease because the location of the inflammation in Crohn’s disease patients occurs in the lower portion of the bowels while the inflammation of ulcerative colitis is in large intestines or rectum. Not to mention, although they share certain symptoms, patients who have Crohn’s disease may have issues that affect other parts of the body besides the intestines such as the mouth or rectum.
Someone who has colorectal cancer may see a colorectal surgeon in Los Angeles in order to remove the cancer and monitor the condition. Polyps are another condition that categorize under this scope of practice. Polyps are abnormal growths on the membrane of the intestines, in particular, the small intestines. Polyps can be cancerous or noncancerous. The surgeon may treat other conditions that cause symptoms like diarrhea, constipation and anal incontinence. Rectal prolapse is a condition where the rectum slides out of the anus. Some cases are able to be treated using a stool softener or another less invasive method while a majority of cases require an expert like a colorectal surgeon in Los Angeles to correct.
The surgeon doesn’t just help treat various issues that affect the intestines. For instance, the surgeon might perform an endoscopy for diagnostic purposes. The procedure consists of the doctor using specialized instruments to operate on internal organs as well as vessels in the body. The procedures start with the surgeon inserting an endoscope through the mouth or a small incision in order to see inside of the colon or rectum. One of the most recognizable testing procedures is a colonoscopy. However, the surgeon may perform a rigid or flexible sigmoidoscopy or an endoscopic polypectomy.